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ABOUT COLCHESTER, CT
Located in New London County, the population of Colchester was 14,551 at the time of the 2000 Census. In 2005 it was ranked 57th on the "100 Best Places to Live" in the United States, by CNN. This led to the creation of the "57 Fest" festival every SUMMER.
In 2020 Colchester became the first town in Connecticut, and the 36th in the country, to be certified with the National Wildlife Federation (NWF) as a Community Wildlife Habitat. It is part of both the Eight Mile River and Salmon River watershed areas. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 49.8 square miles of which, 49.1 square miles of it is land and 0.7 square miles of it (1.49%) is water.
Colchester is one of the fastest growing towns in Connecticut. The villages of Westchester and North Westchester are located within Colchester, as is the reservation of the Golden Hill Paugussett Indian Nation. The town center village, which was previously incorporated as a borough, is a census-designated place. The Colchester Historical Society operates a local history museum in town.
The Town of Colchester, Connecticut was founded in 1698 at a point just north of the present Town Green at Jeremiah's Farm on land purchased by Nathaniel Foote from the Sachem of the Mohegan Indians. Nathaniel Foote's grandfather had emigrated from Colchester, England, early in the 17th century and Colchester in America was the vision of a group of early English settlers who sought to lay out a new plantation in a large tract of virgin wilderness.
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